Having a growth mindset means understanding that intelligence can be developed.
A growth mindset is a belief that we can get smarter through hard work and practice. This means that struggling with something difficult doesn’t mean you’re not smart—it’s a chance to grow your intelligence. Growth mindset is all about trying hard, using good strategies, and getting the help you need.
Growth mindset is a popular notion in the field of education right now, but it’s commonly misunderstood. It might seem like growth mindset implies that everyone has exactly the same potential in every domain, but that’s not quite true. Instead, growth mindset means everyone’s intellectual ability can always be further developed. Growth mindset is not about telling your students to never give up. A benefit of growth mindset is that it helps you stay motivated to stick it out when things are difficult, but telling students not to quit won't do that alone. You have to (truthfully!) convince kids that their efforts will result in increased ability (because ability can grow!) and remind them that they're learning when something is hard for them to do.
Having a growth mindset could involve:
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A growth mindset is critical to school success and linked with grit. Research shows that a growth mindset predicts increased academic achievement and can help narrow gaps (e.g., racial achievement gaps, gender gaps) that may be seen otherwise.
In addition to our own expertise, this page is informed by the following readings:
this blog post about how to respond when a student says, “I can’t do this.”
Fieldcrest Elementary School’s blog, which features a sample classroom poster to promote growth mindset.
the Mindset Kit from Khan Academy and Stanford University’s PERTS.